The Difference Between a Medical Abortion and a Surgical Abortion

If you are considering an abortion for your unplanned pregnancy, you may be wondering what the abortion procedure is like and what to expect during your procedure . There are a few different procedures available to you, depending on how far along you are. They are divided into two categories: medical abortions and surgical abortions. Be sure to consult with your local pregnancy resource center to discuss both options so you can make an informed decision. 

Medical abortions

A medical abortion is commonly known as the abortion pill and is available to women up to 10 weeks in to their pregnancy. It is a series of two pills prescribed by a doctor at a clinic.

The first pill is called mifepristone and is taken at the doctor’s office. Mifepristone stops the supply of progesterone, which is necessary for your pregnancy to grow and develop.

Misoprostol is the second pill which induces contractions. These contractions cause your body to expel the pregnancy. Misoprostol is typically taken at least 24 hours after mifepristone and is taken at home where you will pass the pregnancy. 

It is possible to reverse a medical abortion if you change your mind after you have taken the pills. The process involves taking a high dosage of progesterone to restore nutrients to the pregnancy. More information about reversing your medical abortion can be found at 

Surgical abortions

Surgical abortions are necessary for abortions after ten weeks into the pregnancy, but may be performed as early as six weeks into your pregnancy. They are more invasive and have more potential side effects than medical abortions.

Surgical abortions take place in an abortion clinic or hospital and are typically more expensive, especially later into the pregnancy. There are two different kinds of surgical abortions, but both involve dilating the cervix and then using a suction device and other tools to remove the pregnancy.

Local or general anesthesia may be available depending on the type of surgical abortion you need. The recovery time can take longer for a surgical abortion than a medical abortion, and it comes with more significant potential side effects.

Both medical and surgical abortions are serious medical procedures that you should carefully consider and discuss with a medical professional. You have the right to know the risks, side effects, and long-term consequences of both types of abortions. Your local pregnancy resource center can provide you with information regarding all three types of abortion procedures so you can make an informed decision . 

For both medical and surgical abortion procedures, there are risks that may impact your physical and emotional health. It is common for women to experience emotions such as guilt, regret, confusion, and grief after an abortion. There are also significant physical side effects for both types of procedures, including but not limited to heavy bleeding, painful cramping, nausea, vomiting and infection. Long term side effects can include damage to your uterus or cervix, blood clots, and infertility.

If you experience any of these physical side effects for longer than two weeks after your abortion, you should contact your doctor immediately. If not treated, they can lead to more serious problems.

It is essential to be fully informed about the procedures available to you as well as the potential risks and side effects of any medical procedure, especially an abortion. If you have questions or would like to discuss your options with someone, your local pregnancy resource center can provide accurate, helpful information for you regarding all of your options.